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Características, tamaños y tipos de palets
Características, tamaños y tipos de palets

Characteristics, sizes, and types of pallets e palets


We review the characteristics, sizes, and types of pallets

Cargo pallets have become a recognized element even outside logistics, but there are some characteristics, sizes, and types of pallets that it is important to review as a key instrument in goods management.

As in recent years they have also become involved in the field of interior and exterior decoration, these pallets are sought after in their use and format by a large number of people.

However, pallets are not limited to wood and a single size but are available in a wide range of materials and measures depending on the type of goods with which they are used and the geographical areas where operations are concentrated.

Cargo pallet types, dimensions, and standards

The specific characteristics of goods to be transported will be those that determine the type of pallet that the operations will require, even custom-made pallets are requested for some activities.

The complexity of a right choice in terms of pallets for the transport of goods can be limited to the most standardized characteristics:

  • Dimensions: among a number of different measures, there are two most frequently used and identified by the geographical location where their use predominates:
    • The so-called European pallets, de 1200 x 800 mm.
    • The so-called American pallets, de 1200 x 1000 mm.

Other less frequent measurements are those of 1016 x 1219 mm, 1165 x 1165 mm, and 1100 x 1100 mm, while in Spain the 600 x 800 mm, known as half pallet, is used.

  • Number of entry openings: referring to the number of sides through which the machine with which the palletized merchandise can be entered to be moved. In this case there are two types:
    • Two-way entry, opposite each other.
    • Four-way entry, allowing them to be lifted from either side.
  • Materials: although the most recognized, thanks to their great versatility, are wood, there are also:
    • Metal, either aluminum or steel, used to carry very large load.
    • Plastic, more durable and resistant to different environmental conditions such as cold and humidity.
    • Cardboard, used for light products.
    • Wood, with an excellent relation quality price, strength, and facility to be stored and repaired..

Finally, another notable issue regarding pallets for the transport of goods is the existence of regulations and certifications that are often required when transporting and storing certain products.

One of the regulations is known as ISPM 15, which governs the way in which packaging must be manufactured and treated to avoid the spread of pests; similarly, in some cases the EUR EUPAL certification is required, a seal that guarantees the observance of international standards in the manufacture of the pallet.

At Algevasa Logistics we work with an in-depth knowledge of these national and international regulations and standards, which allows us to provide precise recommendations regarding the most appropriate pallets for each operation.